Net profit, appropriation of profit and equity capital
As part of the tax return, legal entities must disclose the net profit they have achieved in the taxed financial year. The taxable net profit is calculated on the basis of the balance of the income statement. For this purpose, expenses charged to the income statement that are not deductible for tax purposes (e.g. contributions to reserves) must be added to the balance. In return, expenses that are not charged to the income statement but are deductible for tax purposes (e.g. pension payments) can be deducted. In addition, a taxable company must declare how the annual profit generated has been used. The share of dividends, bonuses, allocations to retained earnings, etc. must be disclosed. Last but not least, the amount of the company's equity capital, consisting of the share capital, the reserves and the profit carried forward, must be stated in the tax return.
What does a tax return for legal entities look like? Here you will find an example from the canton of Zurich.